Understanding The Relationship Between Competitive Intelligence and Strategic Management of Universities: A Critical Review

  • Nur Rahmi Universitas Ichsan Gorontalo
  • Parmin Ishak Universitas Ichsan Gorontalo
  • Nurhayati Oli'i Universitas Ichsan Gorontalo
Keywords: Competitive Intelligence, Strategic Management, Research Future Direction


The purpose of this paper is to provide references for research on university strategic practice and intellectual intelligence. This research also aims at the current university strategic management situation, starting from the analysis of the relationship between competitive intelligence and university strategic management, discussing strategic analysis and strategic selection in the university's strategic management process. Strategic selection, implementation, and evaluation in four stages of interaction and relation to competitive intelligence. The method used in this study is a critical review of the implementation of strategic management at universities in Indonesia by taking several references from journals, magazines, news, and regulations of the Educational Institution. It was concluded that the strategic management and competitive intelligence on colleges and universities have the interaction and integration relationship, both jointly build conclusions competitive on profit universities, to provide a reference for the study and practice of strategic management of universities and jobs competitive intelligence university.


Download data is not yet available.


Ansoff, H.I., Kipley, D., Lewis, A.O., Helm-Stevens, R. and Ansoff, R., 2018. Implanting strategic management. Springer.
Best, R., de Valence, G. and Langston, C., 2007. Strategic management. In Workplace Strategies and Facilities Management (pp. 91-102).
Routledge Barney, J.B. and Hesterly, W.S., 2010. Strategic management and competitive advantage Concepts and cases (pp. 4-25). Upper Saddle River, NJ Prentice Hall.
Coulter, M.K. and Coulter, M.K., 2002. Strategic management in action (p. 7). Upper Saddle River, NJ Prentice Hall.
Chevalier-Roignant, B. et al. (2013) ‘Strategic Management and Competitive Advantage’, Competitive Strategy, (9780133129304), pp. 47–74. doi: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262015998.003.0002.
Freeman, R.E. and McVea, J., 2001. A stakeholder approach to strategic management. The Blackwell handbook of strategic management, pp.189-207.
Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. (1991) ‘Barney, J.’, Journal of Management, pp. 99–120.
Hill, C.W., Jones, G.R. and Schilling, M.A., 2014. Strategic management theory an integrated approach. Cengage Learning
Hitt, M.A., Ireland, R.D. and Hoskisson, R.E., 2012. Strategic management cases competitiveness and globalization. Cengage Learning.
HAMBRICK, D.C. (1983). ‘High profit strategies in mature capital goods industries’.
HARMON, P.and KING, D. (1985). Expert Systems. New York: Wiley. HARR, J. (1985). ‘Secrets: the hidden world of Harry Gray’.
HIGGINS, E.T. and BARGH, J. A. (1978). ‘Social cognition and social perception’. Annual Review of Pychology, 37, 369-425.
HODCKINSON, G. P. andJoHNsoN, G. (1987). ‘Exploring the mental models of competitive strategists: the case for a processual approach‘. Paper presented at Workshop on Managerial Cognition, Boston, October.
HOGARTH, R. (1980). Judgement and Choice: The Psychology of Decision. Chichester, UK: Wiley. HOCARTH, R. and MAKRIDAKIS, S. (1981). ‘Forecasting and planning: an evaluation’. Management Science, 27, 2, 115-38.
HUFF, A. S. and SCHWENK, C. (1985). ‘Bias and sense making in good times and bad’. Presented at Strategic Management Society, Barcelona, October. INTELLIGENT SYSTEMS CORPORATION (1 987). Expert Strategy Review.
ISENBERG, D. J. (1984). ‘How senior managers think‘. Harvard Business Review, 62.
JACKSON, S. E. and DUTTON, J. E. (1987). ‘Discerning threats and opportunities’. Working Paper, New York University.
JOHNSON-LAIRD, P. N. (1983). Mental Models: Towards a Cognitive Science of Language, Inference and Consciousness. Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press.
JOHNSON-LAIRD, P. N. (1988). The Computer and the Mind. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. KAHNEMAN, D. SLOVIC, P. and TVERSKY, A. (1982). Judgment under Uncertainty: Heuristics and Biases. New York: Cambridge University Press.
KIECHEL, W. 111. (1982). ‘Corporate strategists under fire’. Fortune, 27 December, 35-9.
KIESLER, S. and SPROULL,. (1982). ‘Managerial response to changing environments: perspectives on problem sensing from social cognition’. Administrative Science Quarterly, 27, December, 548-70.
Ingram, P. and Silverman, B. eds., 2002. The new institutionalism in strategic management. Elsevier
Mintzberg, H., 1990. The design school reconsidering the basic premises of strategic management. Strategic management journal, 11(3), pp.171-195.
Pearce, J. and Robinson, A. (2011) ‘Strategic Management : Formulation , Implementation & Control’, p. 992.
Ramos‐Rodríguez, A.R. and Ruíz‐Navarro, J., 2004. Changes in the intellectual structure of strategic management research A bibliometric study of the Strategic Management Journal, 1980–2000. Strategic management journal.
Teece, D.J., Pisano, G. and Shuen, A., 1997. Dynamic capabilities and strategic management. Strategic management journal, 18(7), pp.509-533.
Westley, F. and Mintzberg, H., 1989. Visionary leadership and strategic management. Strategic management journal, 10(S1), pp.17-32.
Wright, P.M. and McMahan, G.C., 1992. Theoretical perspectives for strategic human resource management. Journal of management, 18(2), pp.295-320